Servicios en comunicación Intercultural

A Proposal to Implement RIA as A Public Policy for Indigenous Territories

Foto: AIDESEP

Servindi, September 30, 2016. - The Interethnic Association for the Development of the Peruvian Rainforest (AIDESEP in Spanish) is demanding for the 12 indigenous territories, representing over 2 million hectares, to be considered in the context of the Amazonian Indigenous REDD+  (RIA in Spanish), which should become a national program and public policy instead of just a proposal.

Amazonian Indigenous REDD+ is an indigenous peoples’ climate strategy and although it shares the goal of reducing emissions, it goes further because it is proposed to strengthen "full life plans" for communities, in addition to curbing resource extraction in indigenous territories.

Likewise, cultural survival is assured through RIA, it helps to keep the average global temperature below 2 degrees and boosts the production systems of standing forests.

In this regard RIA rejects any intentions of profit from carbon credits corresponding to the REDD+ traditional approach, which is to place carbon an essential and key measure, and not consider forests in their entirety and functions.

The twelve indigenous territories

In order to substantiate its request AIDESEP compiled a summary table detailing the regions, organizations, territories and hectares comprising the twelve proposed areas.

The proposal involves 9 Amazonian regions, eighteen indigenous organizations, eight Executors of the Administrative Contract (ECA in Spanish) and about 250 native communities.

REGION

ORGANIZATION

TERRITORIES

Hectares

MADRE DE DIOS

Federación Nativa de Madre de Dios (FENAMAD)
COHARYIMA and the Executor of the Administrative Contract  of the Amarakaeri Communal Reserve (ECA-RCA)

Amarakaeri Communal Reserve

10 native communities

402,335 ha

UCAYALI, JUNIN, PASCO, HUANUCO

 

 

ARPI, ORAU, CORPIAA, federations and Executor of the Administrative Contract of the Communal Reserve Sira (ECOSIRA)

Ashaninka, Shipibo-Conibo, Ashaninka, Yanesha y Comaca-Cocamilla peoples

El Sira Communal Reserve

69 communities

616,413 ha

JUNIN

APRI, COMARU, CARE and Executor of the Administrative Contract of the Communal Reserve Ashaninka (ECO-Asháninka)
Ashaninka, Kakinte, Machiguenga

Communal Reserve Ashaninka

22 communities

184,468 ha

UCAYALI

ORAU, ORDIM, 10 communities in Imiria Lake

Shipibo people

Imiria Lake Regional Conservation Area

10 communities

150,000 ha

LORETO

ORPIO, OISPE, ORKIWAN, FIKAPIR and the ECA SIECO PAI Coordination Committee

Secoya and Kichwa peoples

Communal Reserve AIRO PAI

11 communities

247,887 ha

ORPIO, OISPE, FIKAPIR and the ECA HUIMEKI Coordination Committee

Huitoto, Kichwa, Secoya peoples

Communal Reserve HUIMEKI

9 communities

141,234 ha

CORPI

One of the Dantem del Marañon Province territories

Whole territory of an indigenous people

 

CUSCO

COMARU and ECA MAENI

Machiguenga people

Machiguenga Communal Reserve

218,905 ha

AMAZONAS

ORPIAN-P and ECA TUNTANAIN

Awajun people

Tuntanain Communal Reserve

94,967 ha

ORPIAN-P and ECA CHAYU NAIN

Awajun people

Chayu Nain Communal Reserve

23,597 ha

SAN MARTIN

CODEPISAM and Yurilamas Community

Kechwa people

Yurilamas Native Community

33,866 ha

CODEPISAM and FERIAAM

Awajun people

Awajun Native Communities’ Conservation Corridor

80,500 ha

CODEPISAM and FEPIKRESAM

Kichwa people

Angaiza Forest Conservation Concession

8,031 ha

9 AMAZON REGIONS IN TOTAL

18 Indigenous Organizations

08 ECAs

More than 250 communities

 

2’202,203 ha

Reactions to the RIA Proposal

For Mariela Guise, from the National Forest Conservation Program (CBPP in Spanish), is a breakthrough in the explicit insertion of RIA in the National Strategy on Forests and Climate Change.

She also notes that REDD+ is one of many mechanisms, to be implemented in the strategy framework and it should adapted to different realities.

Patricia Luna, Coordinator of the Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) signed between Norway, Germany and Peru, said that RIA is within the principles of the JDI to curb deforestation in Peru and promote sustainable forest management.

The workshop

The demand to create a national program and strengthen RIA as public policy was the main topic of the “RIA y Política Pública” (RIA and Public Policy) workshop organized on August 31 by AIDESEP, which brought together indigenous representatives, public organizations and international cooperation.

The main RIA possibilities opened in dialogue with the various involved entities were:

INSTITUTION

 RIA Possibility

WWF

- Indigenous peoples’ contribution to the NDC for mitigation and adaptation.

- Safeguards from the indigenous approach and their inclusion in the National Safeguards System.

- Regional Technical Studies.

- RIA project design to the Green Climate Fund.

- Support National Program AIDESEP - RIA. Institutional relationship AIDESEP - WWF.

- Prepare content with COICA and AIDESEP to present it at the COP 22.

CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL

- Experience in Altomayo Zone, Recovery of forests and livelihoods, restoration of riverbanks and promotion of sustainable farming.

- Involvement of indigenous women in RIA. Support for material development for the COP 22.

- Support for RIA initiatives in the San Martin region.

- Support RIA project design for the Green Climate Fund.

SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT (DRIS in Spanish)

- Project with COICA to seek funding in the communal reserves Amarakaeri and Yanesha.

- Articulate signing with CBPP, and ECA, FENAMAD and coordination within the framework of the CCT.

RAINFOREST ALLIANCE

- Sustainable Production diversification of standing forests.

- Production diversification in communal area management.

- Support the connection between RIA and indigenous economy.

NATIONAL FOREST CONSERVATION PROGRAM (PNCB in Spanish)

- Development of the Specific Agreement CBPP - AIDESEP Work Plan.

- RIA as an implementation line in the National Strategy on Forests and Climate Change.

Amazonia Resilient (Resilient Amazon)

- Converging Topics: Reducing threats, value of ecosystem services, capacity building, sustainable productive activities, technology training and transfer.

- Support RIA in El Sira Communal Reserve (within the project).

JDI

- RIA is within the principles of the JDI.

- The 12 RIA are already considered in the implementation plan of Phase 2 of the JDI.

- Move forward with the programmatic phase of the Phase 2 of the JDI and the specific needs in each RIA territory, to guide the support of the JDI.

- Articulating role and clarify the implications of RIA in each territory to gain support.

UN - REDD

- Implementation of the MRV -I in the nine AIDESEP regional bases, aligned with the National MRV and NFMS.

- The focus of the strategy coincides with the indigenous economy approach.

- The design of this financial mechanism is to make it functional with the RIA indigenous economy approach.

Protected Natural Areas National Service (SERNANP in Spanish)

- RIA is an opportunity to strengthen conservation, resource utilization and to generate funding.

- The RIA is within the management contract for the Amarakaeri communal reserve.

- The RIA experience can be replicated in other CRs and should strengthen the objectives of conservation and use of areas.

MINAGRI – PTRT3 (Agriculture Ministry Project)

- Aligned with RIA in the legal certainty consolidation component, contribution to the consolidation of rights and improve livelihoods.

- Convergence complement national geodetic network, incorporating monitoring in the jungle.

- Coordination with the titling associates, in order to improve interventions and not duplicate efforts.

UNDP

- Support for strengthening projects REDD+ and UN-REDD.

- Project convergence with the Amazon Resiliency Project and the “EBA Amazonia” projects from UNDP.

- Commitment to continue seeking funding for the RIA, “EBA Amazonia” and Forestry Oversight, which are two priority issues within UNDP.

IDB

- Parallel to the TDC with RIA, include compensation for conserved areas. See convergences in this topic.

- The consulting firm that is designing the FIP must submit the work plan to be approved by the National Committee, where one can see the relationship with RIA.

Forestry and Wildlife Resources Supervisory Body (OSINFOR in Spanish)

- Standards for forest conservation fine reduction.

- Strengthening monitoring mechanisms in areas allocated for conservation plans.

Henderson Rengifo, president of AIDESEP, said it is necessary to strengthen the institutional framework and the RIA proposal as a National Program and an indigenous territory defense mechanism which at the same time values the contribution of indigenous peoples to address the climate crisis.

Edwin Vasquez, General Coordinator of COICA, said "RIA is one of the mechanisms we have to ensure that climate funds will benefit communities directly."

He said RIA "is not written in stone and is subject to the contributions of communities". He adds that designing how to implement the "full life plans" is a challenge for the indigenous peoples of the Amazon.

Access the proposed RIA document in the following link:

RIA Fundamentals (PDF, 10 pages)

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With information from AIDESEP

Traduction: Servindi

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