Indigenous climate agenda is proposed within the framework of the process of prior consultation of the proposal for the Regulation of the Framework Law on Climate Change (RLMCC-by its initials in Spanish).
Prior consultation process must respect indigenous rights and their vision on the climate crisis, and the affectation of both by the Regulation of the Framework Law on Climate Change- RLMCC.
Servindi, march 4, 2019.- According to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Peru is highly vulnerable to climate change, which affects indigenous peoples the most. To face this reality, seven national indigenous organizations have consolidated an agenda that includes different actions whose purpose is to contribute to combating the global climate catastrophe.
The indigenous climate agenda was consolidated in the framework of the prior consultation process of the proposed Regulation of Law N ° 30754, Framework Law on Climate Change (RLMCC), which is promoted by the Ministry of the Environment (Minam) at the request of the representative organizations of indigenous peoples.
In its climate agenda, indigenous peoples address fundamental issues related to the 59 articles and paragraphs of the RLMCC identified as a consultation measure because they affect their collective rights contemplated in Convention 169 of the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the Declaration of United Nations on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (DNUDPI- by its initials in Spanish).
Among the proposals included in the agenda is the implementation of the Indigenous Climate Platform (PCI) as a permanent space for discussion and monitoring of climate policies, in compliance with paragraph 135 of the Paris Agreement signed by our country, and the financing and access of indigenous peoples to climate funds to develop adaptation and mitigation projects.
Indigenous organizations also demand their effective participation in the different decision-making spaces such as the High Level Commission on Climate Change and the inclusion of their proposals in climate management in all sectors and levels of government.
The increase in the country's climate ambition for the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, recognizing the contribution of indigenous peoples to Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC), is also proposed as urgent actions by the State. the implementation of the Minga NDC; prioritize territorial legal security as an enabling condition, as well as the promotion of food sovereignty and sustainable agriculture.
The recognition of the Amazonian and Andean-coastal indigenous mechanisms for the reduction of emissions produced by deforestation and forest degradation (for example, REDD + Indigenous Amazon and REDD + Andean-Coastal); the implementation of safeguards that protect your rights; the strengthening of environmental institutions against the role of the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) to reduce the danger of extractivism promoted by this sector and its intervention in climate decisions; as well as the inclusion of the gender approach in the RLMCC are also prioritized indigenous demands.
These proposals seek to respect the fundamental rights of indigenous peoples and their territories, the strengthening of Full Life and Good Living, as well as the development of the indigenous economy with a vision of integral management to manage ecosystems and ensure their survival.
Indigenous peoples demand that their contributions be collected in the process of prior consultation
At present, in the different Latin American countries the processes of prior consultation are being questioned and Peru is not the exception. For this reason, indigenous leaders also demand a new conception of consultation, where respect for the vision of indigenous peoples translates into detailed responses to proposals, dialogue with solutions and gradual agreement, but not a "consultation" made only to fulfill an obligation and not to listen or change anything and impose the measures at any cost.
In that sense, the representatives of the national indigenous organizations hope that their proposals will be included in the climate management at different levels since they are solutions that will allow facing the national and global climatic catastrophe that deepens.
The process of prior consultation of the proposal of the RLMCC is in the information stage that includes 14 workshops in different regions of the country (three in Lima and eleven in regions), which take place between March and May with the participation of representatives of the different national organizations.
Subsequently, the internal evaluation stage will take place from May 22 to 24, and finally the intercultural dialogue between the indigenous peoples and the Minam will take place from June 11 to 14. As a result of this process, there will be a record of agreements and disagreements, which will then be reviewed by the council of deputy ministers and finally the cabinet will issue the RLMCC that indigenous organizations hope will include their proposals for climate action.
The indigenous organizations that participate in the process of prior consultation and that consolidated the climate agenda are the Interethnic Association for the Development of the Peruvian Jungle (Aidesep), the National Agrarian Confederation (CNA), the Peasant Confederation of Peru (CCP), the Confederation of the Amazonian Nationalities of Peru (Conap), the National Federation of Peasant, Artisan, Indigenous, Native and Wage Women of Peru (Fenmucarinap), the National Organization of Andean and Amazonian Indigenous Women of Peru (Onamiap) and the National Union of Aymara Communities (UNCA).
Read the spanish version of the statement here: Piden atender propuestas indígenas para enfrentar crisis climática