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Indigenous World Today: International news summary

Servindi, September 5, 2016.- We share our international news summary with some of the highlights of the week in the indigenous and environmental issues around the world. Free reproduction and diffusion is allowed. All rights are shared.

The current summary has been recorded with the participation of Yannik Boserup.

Indigenous World Today - September 5, 2016 (You can download the audio by right-clicking on the "Play" button and then "Save Audio As...").

Brasil. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights expressed concern at the dismissal of the constitutional president of Brasil, Dilma Rousseff, through a questionable political judgment.

The Commission expressed concern about allegations of irregularities, arbitrariness and lack of due process guarantees in the process steps.

The agency pointed out that they have a request of injunction and a petition under analysis. Both requests continue their regular course.

It is recalled that the Brazilian Senate decided on August 31, to dismiss, with 61 votes in favor, President Rousseff, who was elected in 2010 and reelected in 2014, both times democratically by popular vote.

Antarctica. One of the major consequences of climate change is melting glaciers, a phenomenon that puts Greenland in a vulnerable position.

A study by the Universities of Sheffield (UK) and Columbia (United States) in mid-2016 revealed that in 2015 the continent had a record snowmelt during the summer in the northern hemisphere.

At this rate, the glaciers that compose it could soon melt, a fact that would affect the climate of the northern hemisphere countries and would imply an increase of up to seven meters of sea level.

Similarly, ocean currents and ecosystems that live in them would be altered.

Mexico. The Otomi indigenous community Xochicuautla, in the State of Mexico, sued the Federal Government, State Government and Higa business group for the psychological impact on children of the community because of a dispute over a road project.

"When they see the police or a police patrol near the school, they hide or begin to tremble (…) the problem has always been the police, the way how we were under siege, the way they have violated human rights in the community", said Jose Luis Fernandez Flores to El Sol de Toluca newspaper.

The project that has caused the conflict is the Naucalpan-Toluca highway, which after nearly a decade of police hostility has a strong impact on at least 300 Otomi children.

Community leaders and the Earth Defenders organization filed a legal action demanding the cancellation of the project and compensations for the affected children.

Honduras. The Civic Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras (COPINH) held an Artistic, Cultural and Spiritual Mobilization Day called "Justice For Berta Now".

The event shared, through mobilization, art and spirituality, the clamor for justice for the murder of Berta Caceres Flores and took place from September 1st to the 3rd in the city of La Esperanza, Intibucá.

It was the occasion to demand the formation of an independent inquiry commission and the immediate and definitive cancellation of the hydroelectric project DESA-Agua Zarca.

Crisis in court. The Inter-American Commission and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights formed a joint working group to try to solve the financial crisis in the Inter-American human rights system.

The group will seek structural solutions for medium and long term to ensure sustainable and proper funding for the mandate and functions that States have assigned.

Climate finance. The climate change specialist of the Inter American Development Bank (IDB), Gloria Visconti, said the Latin America climate change will cause an annual cost of 2.4 percent of gross domestic product in the region by 2050.

Sandra Guzman, general coordinator of Climate Finance Group for Latin America and the Caribbean, stressed the need to finance mitigation and adaptation to the effects of the climate change.

"Latin America receives about 15 percent of climate subsidy below Pacific Asia and Africa," said Guzman, in an interview for the ConexiónCOP portal.

Honduras. The organization of the Garifuna people (OFRANEH) reported that the European banks, and the Carbon Fund's Clean Development Mechanism promote hydroelectric projects that violate human rights for indigenous peoples.

The projects under discussion are non-consulted dams in indigenous territories financed by the Central American Bank for Economic Investment and the Dutch Development Bank.

OFRANEH also referred to the DGA German Bank, KFW and the Finnish Finnfund.

Dams are built under the Mesoamerica Project and are sold to public opinion as "clean energy", ignoring their impact on precipitation patterns river, the Garifuna organization said.

ECLAC. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development offers an unique opportunity to link development priorities of each nation with those resulting from the global agenda.

So says Antonio Prado, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), at the opening of an International Course on the 2030 Agenda.

The official recalled that Latin America and the Caribbean seek to maintain production levels, investment and employment to shield and sustain social achievements and caring for environment.

Colombia. "Only people who have not understood the transcendence of this agreement to end the war and curb such violence may have doubts about its importance," said Efrain Jaramillo, on an appreciation of the Peace Accords.

The anthropologist highlighted the concept of 'territorial peace' proposed by the negotiator Sergio Jaramillo as of great importance to indigenous peoples.

"The territory is the quintessential concept that links the material life to the spiritual life of the people," he said.

The territory "is the center of all tensions experienced by indigenous people, blacks and peasants colonists, loggers, traders, farmers, miners, oil companies, NGOs, drug traffickers and armed groups."

"Hence locate the problem of peace in the territory is a good start," said Efrain Jaramillo in an interview.

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