First Indigenous triumph!... However, more proposals still need aproval.
Servindi, July 14, 2019.- After approximately 40 hours of work from July 8 to 11, the Peruvian State agreed to create the Indigenous Climate Platform, one of the eleven proposals formulated by the Peruvian indigenous organizations.
The Ministry of the Environment (MINAM), through the official agency Andina, celebrates that Peru will become the first country in the world to have such a platform "putting the nation at the forefront in terms of global climate action."
What the MINAM does not highlight with equal emphasis is that the Indigenous Climate Platform is just one of the eleven the indigenous peoples’ proposals introduced in the consultation framework of the Law on Climate Change Regulations.
Although there were other agreements and advances, there are still key issues such as the Indigenous Climate Fund that remained in evaluation for future actions, despite their importance for indigenous climate action.
Likewise, the opportunity to specify measures to control bad practices related to REDD+ in indigenous territories was lost and there was a partial agreement to elaborate a future regulation that sanctions carbon piracy.
In this sense, the State-Indigenous Peoples dialogue will continue from August 19 to 23, in which eight of the eleven indigenous peoples' proposals have yet to be addressed.
According to the indigenous party, the State must overcome its resistance to indigenous proposals, which is the basis for applying an open, constructive and proactive methodology that is more agile and dynamic, and to overcome the legalist and improvised methodology of the MIMAN.
Indigenous Climate Platform (PCI)
The platform is a mechanism to assess, recognize and disseminate the indigenous knowledge and practices that contribute to the comprehensive management of climate change, and is supported by paragraph 135 of the Paris Agreement.
The MIMAN will manage resources so that the Indigenous Climate Platform operates, which will be considered by regional governments.
22 registered agreements were reached in a signed act in which various commitments are recorded. One of these is that the Peruvian State will design a Guarantee Fund proposal for indigenous peoples’ climate proposals within a period of 180 working days. Some indigenous spokespersons consider this period very long.
A partial advance, which is not incorporated in the regulation, is the MINAMS's commitment to provide technical assistance to indigenous peoples in adaptation and mitigation measures to access public and private financing and international climate funds.
The need to strengthen REDD Amazon Indigenous (RIA) and Andean-Coastal Indigenous REDD (RIAC) mitigation initiatives that seek to adapt the REDD+ approach to indigenous territories and cosmovisions was also recognized.
The REDD+ approach seeks to promote policies and incentives to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation; its sustainable use; and increase and preserve forest carbon stocks.
In this sense, there will be a specific registry of the contributions of RIA and RIAC to the reduction of emissions and that will be the basis for payment by results. The Mitigation Measures Monitoring Platform is in charge of registration.
Photo: Ketty Marcelo / Onamiap
The need to apply an integrated mitigation and adaptation approach as practiced by indigenous peoples is also recognized. In addition, climate reports should have a gender focus.
It should be noted that Gabriel Quijandría, Deputy Minister of Strategic Development of Natural Resources of MINAM, expressed his commitment to strengthen intercultural dialogue, under the principles of good faith and mutual respect.
Quijandría said that the intention of its portfolio is to collect the needs and recognize the key role of indigenous peoples in climate change comprehensive management.
Support for indigenous proposals
Edwin Montenegro Dávila, national leader of the Interethnic Association of Development of the Peruvian Jungle (AIDESEP), thanked the important support of the youth and environmental groups in a public announcement.
Support is being disseminated from the portal TerrActiva and highlights its adherence to indigenous demands for greater climate ambition.
The announcement asks that the consultation with the indigenous peoples concludes in a binding agreement that manifests the coherence that the public management needs, in order to attend to the urgency of climate action.
The document said that, this coherent management must set the pace with responsible and ambitious activities to involve other public sectors that are not yet committed to a real cross-cutting climate change management.
Edwin Montenegro exhorted other sectors of civil society to publicly express their support for indigenous proposals that seek to help tackling the climate crisis, the biggest problem that challenges human civilization.
"The proposals are not only for the benefit of the indigenous peoples, they are to defend the Amazonian forests, and all the ecosystem services that it offers to humanity" said the Awajun leader.
"We are at a critical moment and we need to join forces so that the Peruvian State accepts the role of indigenous peoples as key actors in climate management from the territories," he said.
The dialogue held from July 8 to 11 is part of the sixth stage of the process of prior consultation of the Framework Law on Climate Change proposed Regulation, Law No. 30754.
The indigenous organizations involved are: Interethnic Association for the Development of the Peruvian Jungle, Farmer Confederation of Peru, National Agrarian Confederation, Confederation of Amazonian Nationalities of Peru, National Federation of Women Farmers, Artisan, Indigenous, Native and Wage-earning Women of Peru, Organization National Federation of Andean and Amazonian Indigenous Women of Peru and Unión Nacional de Comunidades Aymaras.
The meetings were attended by representatives of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, the National Center for Strategic Planning, as well as the Ministries of Culture, Agriculture and Irrigation, Education, Economy and Finance, Justice and Human Rights. Also a representative of the Ombudsman's Office.