Servindi, September the 19th, 2016.- We share our international news summary with some of the highlights of the week in the indigenous and environmental issues around the world. Free reproduction and diffusion is allowed. All rights are shared.
The current summary has been recorded with the participation of Yannik Boserup.
Indigenous World Today - September the 19th, 2016 (You can download the audio by right-clicking on the "Play" button and then "Save Audio As...").
Ozone layer. "Ozone and climate, recovered by a united world" is the theme of this year's International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, held on September the 16th of each year.
But what is the ozone layer and why is it important?
The ozone layer is a layer of gas that protects the Earth from harmful sun rays, and therefore protects human health and ecosystems.
This layer is affected by substances emitted into the atmosphere by industry, such as chlorofluorocarbons, mainly responsible for their destruction.
Chlorofluorocarbons, also known as CFCs, are found in aerosols, some types of fire extinguishers and old refrigerators.
They are compounds containing chlorine, fluorine and carbon, and are used as agents that produce artificial cooling and as propellants in aerosols.
Fortunately, according to the United Nations and as a result of international efforts, the ozone layer is recovering and is expected to the be fully recovered by the middle of this century
Brazil. A report by the Indigenous Missionary Council denounced the terrible attacks by thugs hired by farmers and loggers aimed at indigenous peoples, especially in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul.
According to the Indian Council since 2003 the perpetrators have killed 426 Indians in the state, mainly from the Guarani-Kaiowá ethnic group.
The murderers are gunmen allegedly hired by farmers who are in land dispute with the natives.
The Indian Council blamed the government for being slow to react to the terrible attacks that the Guarani-Kaiowá people are subject to.
Also by the abandonment in which the population of this indigenous group has experienced, has cost nearly 600 children lives to diseases that would have been curable, had they recieved sanitation or medical treatment.
Argentina. Indigenous organizations in the country denounced the arbitrary and autocratic government communication policy of Mauricio Macri which seeks to dismantle the Law 26 522 of Audiovisual Communication Services.
This is stipulated in the Declaration of "II Latin American Meeting of Peasant Indigenous Communication. Territory in movement. Multiple Voices."
They reaffirmed the defense of the Audiovisual Law and stressed the need to regulate and implement the article 152 in which funding pathways for indigenous stations are set.
Colombia. “For complete peace” is the name of the campaign launched by citizens of Colombia.
The aim is an undivided agreement, so that the National Liberation Army can be included in a peace process as soon as possible.
For now the campaign sent a public letter to Pope Francis, the secretary general of the United Nations, Ban Ki-Moon, and the guarantor countries of the peace process.
What is looked for is a stable and lasting peace which means the end of the armed conflict with all insurgencies.
U.S. The Sioux indigenous people obtained victory by getting the government to tell the company Energy Transfer Partners to temporarily suspend a pipeline construction.
The reason for the active indigenous protest against the Dakota Access pipeline is because the work aims to pass through sacred sites for Sioux people and because in case of accident it would contaminate Lake Oahe.
The five long month protest, reported that federal laws for historical protection were violated by authorizing the construction.
The Barack Obama Administration will meet with indigenous communities to assess the actions to be adopted by the government to better know their opinion on this type of infrastructure.
The case gained international notoriety when the prestigious American journalist Amy Goodman received an arrest warrant from the state government of North Dakota, after covering indigenous protests.
México. Mining has strengthened organized crime and deteriorated the environment and the social network, said Jaime Martínez Veloz, head of the Commission for Dialogue with Indigenous Peoples.
He recalled that in the past 22 years, "34 million hectares of indigenous territory were delivered to mining companies”, mostly Canadians,
Despite the increase in mining activity the Mexican society is "more unequal than 22 years ago."
In 1994 the nine richest families in Mexico had, together, about 10 billion dollars, but in 2015 they reached 145 billion, the official said.
Interculturalism. The Ecuadorian city of Quito hosted the First International Congress: Discursive territories in Latin America – Interculturalism, Communication and Identity.
The event was a space for reflection and dialogue for scholars and researchers from Latin America and other regions that propose the field of communication practices defining their problems and identity.
In the same way, it also aimed to summon the scientific community to be a part of the Latin American Society for Intercultural Studies, established in 2012.