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G-20 ratifies Paris Agreement, except the US

Group of wealthiest nations ratified the commitments assumed in the Paris Agreement. However, Donald Trump reaffirmed his position to keep the United States out of this agreement. Despite criticizing global environmental policies, Jair Bolsonaro did not withdraw Brazil from this accordance.

By José Díaz

Servindi, July 1st, 2019.- Last weekend was closed with the celebration of the annual G20 summit that this year took place in Osaka (Japan). One of the most important points of the agenda for this year was the ratification of the Paris Agreement. The final result of this meeting was positive, except for the rejection of the United States.

During the meeting that annually gathers the 20 most developed economies of the planet, the President of France, Emmanuel Macron and the Chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel exhorted their counterparts to maintain the position assumed at the last G20 summit in Buenos Aires. However, Donald Trump maintains his anti-ecological policy of keeping the United States out of the global environmental pact.

The surprise in Osaka was Brazil. In recent months, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro made a series of statements that were interpreted as signs of rejection against the Paris Agreement. However, finally, the Brazilian leader chose to keep his country within the pact assumed in 2015. In this way, Donald Trump remains the only G20 president who institutionally rejects the Paris Agreement.

The G20, the group of countries with the most developed economies, holds annual meetings in which various aspects of the global agenda are discussed. In recent years, climate change and the fight against global warming have become priority issues in this type of meeting.

Civil participation

However, it has already become a tradition of G20 summits that in parallel occur civil society protests against the politicians participating in these meetings. As happened in Argentina in 2018, this year in Osaka a group of environmental activists protested against the economic policies of the Prime Minister of Japan, Shinzō Abe.

The Japanese political leader is accused of not promoting energy renovation policies. In fact, fossil fuels contribute 8.7% of the energy in Japan, while coal contributes a worrying 39.8%. For this reason, the Japanese environmental groups have accused the economy of their country of dealing with "environmental hypocrisy.”

"Abe still finances coal while other countries ask him to abandon these energies. To be a true leader, Abe should take action against climate change," the protesters said in a statement that was broadcast in Osaka.

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