Through a technical report, Aidesep identified "gaps, biases and contradictions" in the program, and requests that the Ministry of Environment and the Committee of Participants of the Carbon Fund (FCPF) of the World Bank to correct said faults.
Servindi, July 13, 2019.- The Interethnic Association for the Development of the Peruvian Jungle (Aidesep) denounced a set of "gaps, biases and contradictions" in the Peruvian Emissions Reduction Program.
This was announced through a letter and a technical report addressed to the Minister of Environment, Lucía Ruiz; and the Committee of Participants of the Carbon Fund (FCPF) of the World Bank, in addition to the international donors.
This document analyzes the Peruvian Emissions Reduction Program (PRE), warning about a set of aspects that violate the rights of indigenous peoples, and do not confront deforestation directly.
Thus, for example, among the main points of this report is the demand for an analysis improvement to define the drivers of deforestation in the PRE intervention area.
The report explains that said analysis does not contemplate the inclusion of deforestation drivers such as "infrastructure, agroindustry, hydrocarbons, fracking, waterway, mining, among others", considering it a strong limitation.
Therefore, Aidesep proposes “to incorporate the analysis on the drivers of deforestation identified in the National Forest Strategy and Climate Change (NBCC), as well as" deepen effective safeguards to stop the expansion of extractivism and agribusiness”.
They also demand the inclusion of Aidesep as well as their local indigenous organizations (Codepisam, ORAU and Corpiaa) as part of the PRE, and not only to consider the timber trade unions and some national NGOs.
Likewise, this exclusion would also be expressed in the distribution of benefits for indigenous peoples, since "a clear proposal of adequate distribution is not established", and they explain that, on the contrary, it highlights the agribusiness approach.
In this sense, Aidesep points out that the PRE is based on the "agribusiness" approach promoted by large campaigns of global actors that encourage the so-called "climate agriculture", "intelligent agribusiness" or "green agribusiness".
Aidesep points out that, according to this approach, it seeks to give more productivity to the agricultural activities that cause deforestation, so that they reduce emissions. However, the effect would be rather opposite.
The alternative indigenous proposal is to recognize, strengthen and prioritize indigenous economy alternatives of standing forest added value, such as aquaculture, bioindustry, experiential tourism, agroforestry, community forest management, among others.
Finally, Aidesep and its organizations Codepisam, ORAU and Corpiaa ask to participate in the "decision levels for designing and executing the modified and improved PRE".